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Three days later, on November 12, A meeting of the top Nazi leadership was called to estimate the damage done during the night and place responsibility for it. Present at the meeting were Goebbels, and other ranking Nazi officials. The purose of this meeting was to make the Jews responsible for Kristallnacht and to use the events of the past few days as a reason for declaring a series of anti-semitic laws which would remove Jews from the German economy.

It was decided at the meeting that, since Jews were to blame for these events, they would be held legally and financially responsible for the damages caused by the pogrom. With that, a "fine of 1 billion marks was imposed for the slaying of Rath, and 6 million marks paid by insurance companies for broken windows was to be given to the state.

Most importantly, the Kristallnacht may have been the beginning of what is called today as the Holocaust. The following laws were put into effect after the Kristallnacht:


1.Jews were required to turn over all precious metals to the government.
2.Pensions for Jews dismissed from civil service jobs were erratically reduced.
3.Jewish-owned bonds, stocks, jewelry and art works can be alienated only to the
German state.
4.Jews were physically segregated within German towns.
5.A ban on the Jewish ownership of carrier pigeons.
6.The suspension of Jewish driver's licenses.
7.The confiscation of Jewish-owned radios.
8.A curfew to keep Jews of the streets between 9:00 p.m. and 5:00 a.m. in the
summer and 8:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m. in the winter.
9.Laws protecting tenants were made non-applicable to Jewish tenants.

One final note on the November 12 meeting is of critical importance. In the meeting, Goering announced, "I have received a letter written on the Fuehrer's orders requesting that the Jewish question be now, once and for all, coordinated and solved one way or another." The path to the "Final Solution" has now been chosen.

 The End (Bibliography)